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How to Order Pipe Flanges

When ordering pipe flanges and parts, it’s best to be as specific as you can. Include details such as:

  1. Requirements for pressure class, facing, connection type, nominal pipe size (NPS), specifications, country of origin
  2. Flange material
  3. How many flanges you need

These details are key to ordering the correct pipe flanges. If you’re replacing an existing flange, refer to the specifications stamped on the existing flange. Otherwise, you will need to provide some or all of the following details when you submit your order request.

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Choose the Appropriate Flange Connection Type

What connection type do you require? Most pipe connection types are intended for specific jobs and may not be interchangeable. Specify your connection method or the intended application for the flanges you are purchasing.

The most common flange connection types are:

  • Slip-On or Ring
  • Blind
  • Weld Neck
  • Threaded
  • Lap Joint
  • Socket Weld

Measure to Determine Appropriate Flange Size

Measure the outside diameter (O.D.)—across the flange from one outside edge to the other. Then, measure the center hole of the flange—the inside diameter (I.D.)—which correlates with the pipe size.

Know the number of bolt holes necessary, as well as the bolt circle diameter—measured from the center of one bolt hole to the center of the bolt hole directly across from it. If you are using a reducing flange to connect a larger pipe with a smaller pipe, you will need pipe diameter measurements for both pipes you wish to connect. Consider dimensional tolerances to determine permissible limits in measurement differences.

 

Get the Appropriate Pressure Class

Flanges aren’t selected by physical measurements alone. The required pressure class or pressure-temperature rating helps determine which flanges are required. Pressure class and measurements can be related: The higher the class, the larger the outside diameter and bolt holes. The thickness of the flange also increases as size and pressure rating go up. It may be acceptable to choose a flange with a higher pressure rating (but not a lower one), as long as the other flange dimensions and specifications match.

 

Other Considerations for Pipe Flange Orders

  • What flange material do you need? Steel, stainless steel, ductile iron, aluminum—your required material most often matches the pipe material. Material can affect weldability, pressure rating, corrosion resistance, and use.
  • What standards must your flanges meet? Do you need flanges that meet the specifications for American Water Works Association (AWWA), ANSI-style, DIN (metric) flanges, or other standards?
  • Does the country of origin matter? Import flanges can be a more cost effective solution, but many applications require that material meets American Iron and Steel (AIS) or Buy America standards.
  • Consider any additional fittings or accessories necessary. Are gaskets, stub ends, spacers, or other fittings required?
  • If we do not stock the options you need, let us know. Our Custom Machine Shop allows us to manufacture or modify products to meet specific customer needs.
  • Order lead time differs between products and an estimate can be given when the order is placed. If you have a deadline, let us know so we can work to fulfill your order in time.

Explore our catalog and contact us with questions or to submit an order or inquiry—we’re available to help answer your questions, help you decide which flanges are appropriate, or provide a quote for your order.

For more information about ordering flanges and pipe system components, explore our Resource Center.